Dredging is a common form of excavation activity carried out to ensure that the waterways and ports are navigable. As the water runs through the river, canal, lake or any other waterway, there is a slow accumulation of soil, silt, sand and other debris with time which makes it difficult for a boat, ship or canoe to easily navigate through these waterways and hence the reason why dredging process was introduced to get rid of all the accumulated sediments from both the bottom, and sides of these water bodies. A good dredging equipment is a key requirement for a smooth dredging process as it helps in excavating all the sand, silt and debris from the bottom, sides and backs of the water bodies and waterways. One benefit of having a piece of good dredging equipment is ensuring fast and efficient dredging process. Dredging has become very common around the world because of the varying uses. Dredging, also known as sediment removal is used in the following ways.
One of the key uses of dredging is in the maintenance of the waterways by the restoration of their original depths where this is achieved by the removal of the accumulated debris, silt, and sand. Dredging will also maintain the waterways by removing the vegetation, pollutants and trash from the waterways. Dredging is a common activity in most of the ports around the world, and this is to create new waterways to boost trade centers and also water transportation of goods. The other application of dredging is in preparation for the construction of different bridges, docks, and piers through the excavation of the accumulated sediments that might hinder the construction process. Another way through which dredging can be used is to increase the depth of the waterway. Sewage accumulation, chemical spills, the buildup of decayed materials are some key things that can make a water body unsuitable for use and hence the need for dredging to reclaim such affected water bodies and waterways. Removal of the chemical spills, sewage accumulation, dead vegetation, debris, and accumulated sediments will help to allow more nutrients and oxygen flow into the water, thus enhancing the growth of the plant life. By widening and deepening of the waterways, there is a great reconfiguration for vessels that carry larger cargo, which is a great application of dredging.
Other than the many applications of dredging, it also offers a variety of benefits and advantages. One key reason why dredging is important is that it widens and deepens waterways for safe and convenient transportation of oil, raw materials and other vital commodities by large-sized ships. Dredging is also a very great way of conserving the environment by preventing soil erosion on the beachfront or shorelines. The removal of sewage accumulation, chemical contaminants, and other pollutants increases the general cleanliness of the waterways.